Thinking always means concentrating on a theme, a goal, and what comes to mind about the questions that come from the brain. It is the activation of consciousness through midpoints.
It is caused by an internal or external impulse that stimulates midpoints in the brain, which in turn activate the consciousness in order to deal with the corresponding topic, that is to gather more information with intensified senses. These are mirrored to the midpoints, causing them to look for experiences or similarities in the subject.
This process of thinking: midpoints > awareness > midpoints continues until you have a coherent feeling, cannot get any further or it is replaced by another topic.
The brain compares and offers alternatives.
It makes suggestions, anticipates them and anticipates results - consciousness lives them and returns the information to the brain.
Why can not a human see that his brain controls him?
Answer: Because the feeling gives them something different.
Feelings are control mechanisms that can have a great deal of power over people.
His feeling tells him that he controls himself, with his ego, or with his consciousness - that is the experience of the feelings.
Rational explanations such as: Everything decides the brain or there is no "free" will, usually have virtually no influence. Because that would limit the pleasant feeling of freedom.
Anyway, if one or the other asks, if the feeling is correct, that he has the free will to decide with his ego or his consciousness, then the brain will still say "yes" to it. Because there are often quick and not exactly thought-out answers. It's just too hard for it to turn his forehead on and try to confirm or disprove that feeling.
In addition, perhaps there is the fear that one really has no free will, and the view to decide exclusively with his (metaphysical) consciousness is nothing but imagination.
So, if you want to get to the bottom of your thinking, the brain, especially the forebrain, has to deal extensively with thinking.
This happens very well through self-observation.
So again, the process in detail: One would like to know something (for example, a solution to a problem, how to realize an idea, why something happened, etc.)
This creates one goal each.
This activates the brain, which searches through the neural networks (the midpoints) what might fit. It makes suggestions or makes decisions.
What has been found becomes conscious. For example, through an intuition, through pictures, schemas, designs.
Through this, information – from the outside and inside – is absorbed by the intensified senses, which then reflects the consciousness back to the brain, which in turn can create a modified response – and possibly accept or discard these solutions, and then continue to seek. Until, as a rule, the feeling conveys to you that what you wanted to know was sufficiently answered.
To put it another way: it comes to mind. Where does it come from? From the brain! Because this evaluates the impulses from outside and inside with its midpoints - and not about the consciousness.
In short: when something that has come to mind forms into a goal, the brain activates consciousness – the senses are amplified. These then send the information they pick up from the target back to the brain. This stimulates midpoints of interest and gives their "commentary". This affects the original incidence and the activated midpoints, which are thereby changed (strengthened or weakened) or activates further midpoints. This change is made aware of again and the whole procedure begins again.
This process is repeated until the feeling tells you that it suits what you want to know or explain yourself.
This is the process of thinking.
And by the way: concentrated thinking is always aware.
A note to the consciousness: Who believes, all this, the human being decides with his consciousness, which would have to explain where the information comes from, which the consciousness needs to decide. And he will not come to say that they are from the brain. As a result, the consciousness must also have access to the brain and find out what is right for the decision. This would be a task that would take a lot of time each time, because the amount of information in the brain is huge. The consciousness should have the entire brain under control. So, everything you have learned, what you have inherited, what has changed in the meantime, etc. And then a consciousness of this kind would then select according to the decision, put together and create a solution.
This kind of consciousness is nowhere to be found, let alone proven.
Summary of steps:
Finally, a comment on Descartes' sentence: "I think, therefore I am." I would like to add: "I am because I think. "
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