In the sentence: "Only if you can predict
something reliably and repeatably, something is determined", shows the hubris of human beeings.
One escapes this overestimation of one's own self if one realizes that everything consists of substances and
laws and realizes that everything is unchangeably determined.
- Determined (i.e. predetermined) is everything that takes place according to laws (because the laws definitely determine the flow of substances).
- “Law” means that identical substances always produce identical results under identical circumstances. (Laws are properties of substances that - viewed in isolation - are immutable unless
something is added to or removed from the substances).
- "Substances" are neurons, brains, cells, living things, elementary particles of the standard model of physics, atoms, molecules, neutrinos, crystals, liquids, gases, stars, star systems,
galaxies etc. - everything in the universe.
In addition, they are also considered to be virtual substances in the states of empty spaces (the vacuum in space).
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